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Nembutal Withdrawal

Nembutal is the trade name for a sedative that is also known as pentobarbital or pentobarbitone. It is a short-acting barbiturate medication that helps people with sleep disorders. It has been prescribed as a sleeping pill, sedative, and anticonvulsant. 

Some people take Nembutal to treat short-term insomnia, while others use it to manage seizures that come on suddenly. The medication may be given to individuals during pre-surgery  to help them relax and fall asleep before the procedure begins.

Barbiturates are sedative-hypnotics that induce feelings of calm and relaxation. Medications in this class dull the sensory cortex, which slows down motor activity. As a result, the balance and coordination  of the user are affected. Nembutal use typically causes drowsiness, sedation, and hypnosis, among other symptoms. 

What Are Nembutal Withdrawal Symptoms?

When frequent or chronic Nembutal use stops, the body will start the process of adjusting to functioning without it. The user likely will notice a change in how they feel, think, and act once drug withdrawal symptoms start. These symptoms range from uncomfortable to painful. Common Nembutal withdrawal symptoms include:

  • Confusion
  • Anxiety
  • Muscle twitching
  • Tremors
  • Feeling weak or fatigued
  • Dizziness
  • Upset stomach
  • Vomiting
  • Trouble sleeping (insomnia)
  • Orthostatic hypotension, a form of low blood pressure

More severe withdrawal symptoms include:

  • Convulsions
  • Delirium

What Are The Stages in the Nembutal Withdrawal Timeline?

Drug withdrawal does have a beginning and an end, so many people who are experiencing  want to know what to expect. The process will vary according to the person, and various factors unique to each individual will shape the experience. The following factors should be considered when figuring out how long Nembutal withdrawal will be:

  • How large the dose is
  • How often the drug is used
  • How long Nembutal use has occurred
  • Age, genetics, general medical history
  • History of substance use
  • Whether other drugs were abused along with Nembutal
  • Schedule of tapering off the drug

To get an idea of what to expect in your situation, especially when it comes to the intensity of symptoms, it’s best that you consult with a physician who can help you determine what your withdrawal timeline will look like. Nembutal is a barbiturate, so the withdrawal timeline is similar to other medications in that class. Generally, withdrawing from Nembutal can follow a timeline like the following:

Days 1-3 – You may notice withdrawal symptoms within 16 hours after the last dose of Nembutal. Early symptoms include weakness, insomnia, anxiety, and increased sweating. A tapering schedule may need to be implemented to reduce the risk of seizures or delirium. 

Days 3-4 – Symptoms usually peak during this time. How intense they are may depend on several of the factors mentioned above. Common symptoms include anxiety, sweating, fatigue, and insomnia. Delirium is also possible. 

Days 5-7 – Physical symptoms should begin fading during this period. However, psychological symptoms, such as cravings or depression, may continue.

Week 2 and beyond – By the time the second week comes around, most of the physical symptoms should have stopped, but psychological symptoms can linger. Recovering Nembutal users have reported lingering fatigue, insomnia, and cravings. Many people report not having any symptoms within three to four weeks. Ongoing therapy can address depression or anxiety disorders and other underlying mental health conditions. 

Overdose Is a Real Risk of Nembutal Use

As with any barbiturate or drug, users are vulnerable to overdosing on Nembutal if a person stops using it for some time and then takes another dose. Relapse is dangerous because the body can no longer tolerate the drug  in the doses it was once used to after detox has taken place. So, an overdose is a possibility once a detoxed person uses the drug again in the amounts they were used. Overdose can cause permanent injury or death.

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Why Should I Detox from Nembutal?

The longer someone uses an addictive substance, the greater the chance they will battle with harrowing withdrawal symptoms, especially when stopping the drug abruptly, or “cold turkey.” Suddenly stopping or reducing use can bring on seizures, which could end in death.

Medical detox is recommended when withdrawing from Nembutal. This is best done at an accredited facility with staff that can effectively address the unique challenges of drug withdrawal. Detox ensures that people in recovery will safely taper off the substance and manage the discomfort that comes with doing so. 

Professional medical staff can monitor individuals for up to 10 days (or longer if necessary), administer any needed medications, address any complications, and set up the proper tapering schedule to ensure recovery is carried out in the best way possible. This includes reducing the patient’s chances of returning to Nembutal use. 

The detox process also ensures you will receive an assessment of your physical and mental health needs as well as treatment settings that will help you continue your recovery.

What Happens Next in Treatment?

Entering medical detox to end dependence on Nembutal safely is the first step in the initial stage of recovery. Detoxing from Nembutal rids the body of the substance and toxins, but it is not enough by itself to address substance abuse and addiction.  

The body does regain stability, but it still needs to heal. In addition to physical healing, psychological aspects of abusing substances also need to be addressed. After detox ends, you will need to know where to go next to continue your recovery. 

Depending on the person’s situation and other factors, professionals may recommend that treatment takes place in a residential (inpatient) program or an outpatient treatment facility. There also are other treatment settings available along the continuum of care. All of these settings provide various therapies and counseling and other services that help individuals work through emotional or mental health issues going on that resulted in them developing a substance use disorder. 

Treatment is recommended based on the individual’s needs. Physicians and mental health clinicians can work with you to get you or your loved one into the right treatment facility.

Residential treatment requires an on-site stay while treatment takes place for 30, 60, or 90 days depending on the person’s needs. During this time, the recovering individual will receive care from physicians and counselors around-the-clock. Spending time in a supportive atmosphere encourages people to focus on their recovery with minimal distractions. This setting is ideal for people with severe cases of Nembutal dependence.

Outpatient treatment allows individuals more flexibility with their treatment schedule. People who receive treatment on an outpatient basis live at home and return to a facility to receive therapies and counseling for a certain number of sessions throughout the week. Intensive outpatient programs require nine or more hours a week, while outpatient programs require fewer than nine hours a week. 

Outpatient programs are ideal for people with mild dependence or in the early stages of using it. This setting can also help people who need recovery support, particularly if they’re feeling especially vulnerable to relapse.

These treatment options provide advice and support from addiction care professionals at all stages of the recovery journey. People can receive counseling, work on a relapse prevention strategy, create an after-care treatment plan, and participate in a group, family, or peer support groups that promote full-time sobriety.

Sources

(n,d). Nembutal. RxList. Retrieved from https://www.rxlist.com/nembutal-drug.htm#dosage

(November 2018). Barbiturate Abuse. WebMD. Retrieved from https://www.webmd.com/mental-health/addiction/barbiturate-abuse#1

“Orthostatic Hypotension (Postural Hypotension).”Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 11 July 2017. Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/orthostatic-hypotension/symptoms-causes/syc-20352548

Marks, L, (October 2015).Everyday Health » Barbiturates » Barbiturates What Are Barbiturates?. Everyday Health. Retrieved from https://www.everydayhealth.com/barbiturates/guide/

ASAM. (2019, November 4). What are the ASAM Levels of Care? Retrieved from https://www.asamcontinuum.org/knowledgebase/what-are-the-asam-levels-of-care/ASAM

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