Psilocybin mushrooms, otherwise known as purple passion, magic mushrooms, or shrooms are commonly used in Europe and the United States as recreational psychedelics and are illegal controlled substances. The U.S. categorizes psilocybin mushrooms as Schedule I drugs, meaning they lack safety usage and regulations by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the U.N. treaties. Also, their chemical properties are considered to be highly addictive for drug abuse.
Psilocybin, found in certain types of mushrooms converts to psilocin which impacts serotonin brain levels while decreasing brain activity.
Metabolizing Psilocybin for Its Half-Life
The biological half-life of psychedelic mushrooms or the time it takes for half of the substance to be absorbed and subsequently be eliminated by one’s biological processes depends entirely on mushroom metabolism. To some extent, it also depends on the body’s cleansing as the substance also enters the bloodstream.
Once you consume psychedelic mushrooms, psilocybin metabolizes into psilocin within 40 minutes. You will soon feel the drug’s effects as psilocin levels hit the bloodstream. After the peak of the drug’s effects within 90 minutes, half of the drug’s dose leaves the blood via the kidneys and through the urinary tract. This is commonly referred to a 50-minute half-life or half-time by which psilocybin leaves the body. It can take an average of about 13 hours for 95 percent of psilocybin to be eliminated through the body. However, it could take up to three days for the drug to leave the system of the person who regularly abuses the drug.
In general, one’s response to psilocybin depends on the individual brain chemistry and metabolism, which is also relevant for the duration of metabolizing psilocybin for its half-life. According to the United States National Library of Medicine, “the half-life of psilocybin is 163 ± 64 minutes when taken orally, or 74.1 ± 19.6 minutes when injected intravenously.”
Do Mushrooms Show Up on a Drug Test?
Are mushrooms detectable on drug tests? Here’s one thing to keep in mind: most drug testing companies do not test for psilocybin or psilocin. However, if your work or any other legal situation requires some kind of drug testing, consuming mushrooms can put you at risk of serious consequences in your life and can lead to serious side effects including symptoms of psychosis, paranoia, dizziness, and flashbacks.
How Long Can Mushrooms Be Detected in Urine?
Because of the fleeting nature of the drug and the fact that it leaves the body within 13 hours, it’s quite challenging to detect the presence of the drug. A 2002 study discovered a significant amount of psilocin in participants’ urine 24 hours after they consumed psilocybin. Another way to test the presence of psilocybin and psilocin is by testing an individual’s hair samples for up to 90 days. Only when trying to detect hallucinogen abuse are these tests performed.
Other Factors Affecting Mushroom Detection
Several factors can affect how long a substance can be detected in an individual’s system which includes the frequency of use, the dose of mushrooms, genetic as well as the rate of metabolization as some might metabolize the drug faster than others. The more mushrooms a person consumes, the longer it takes to metabolize them.
Other factors affecting the rate of detection include:
- Smoking history
- Alcohol use
- Kidney health
- Liver health
- Existing medical conditions
Although psilocybin mushrooms detox does not depend on medications or other therapeutic drugs, detox alone is not enough to treat one’s addiction to the drug for euphoric effects. Gradually tapering off mushrooms is recommended to prevent adverse withdrawal side effects. Addiction treatment centers often recommend a mushroom recovery facility to ensure one’s continued rehabilitation and ongoing recovery.
Here is a breakdown of what you might expect from a mushroom rehabilitation program:
- · You’ll receive behavioral-based therapy otherwise known as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).
- · You’ll be given the option to continue with outpatient therapies and programs including family therapy, motivational interviewing and incentives.
Is there a Detox Program for Psilocybin Mushrooms?
Like other hallucinogenic drugs, it’s not possible to develop a physical dependency on mushrooms as a physically non-addictive hallucinogen. For those who depend on psilocybin mushrooms as a therapy outlet, the substance will be used recreationally to maintain one’s euphoria. In this way, therefore, they can be habitually formed as a type of stress relief.
Because there is no physical dependence, there is also no official detox or withdrawal period of mushrooms that can sustain itself over time. However, the psychological damage may be inflicted to the degree that is irreversible, and so, while it may not be common for you to undergo a residential recovery program just for mushroom drug abuse only, flushing out the toxins of the poisonous mushrooms is a necessary part of the detoxification period.
In some cases, mushroom abusers might also consume other drugs such as PCP (phencyclidine), MDMA (3, 4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine), and LSD (D-lysergic acid diethylamide). The simultaneous substance use increases one’s risk of developing multiple substance use disorders that will require medical treatment and complete detoxification that requires medical treatment and intervention such as the poisonous mushrooms can be eliminated from a person’s system.
In this kind of situation, a residential treatment center will be required to control and prevent additional brain damage and motor function impairment.
The only exception is for those who’ve developed hallucinogen-persisting perception disorder (HPPD), which can result in recurring flashbacks and visual hallucinations after consuming mushrooms for weeks and even months. This debilitating disorder requires medical intervention and treatment.
Psychological dependency is slightly more common, particularly in those who use the psilocybin mushroom as a type of therapy. People who use it recreationally may continue to abuse it to maintain their euphoria.