Using Ativan While Pregnant: Everything to Know

Many women take benzodiazepines such as Ativan to assist with panic disorders.

Use of Ativan can be tricky for women who are planning to get pregnant or who discover they are pregnant after taking Ativan. It is generally not recommended.

Ativan Use and Abuse

Ativan works by decreasing brain activity to help a person relax if they feel panic or high levels of anxiety.

The drug is often used without a prescription. This type of misuse often accompanies the misuse of other substances.

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Prescribed Use of Ativan by Pregnant Women

On November 2018, writer Laura Turner wrote for Slate about her experiences taking Ativan during pregnancy. Turner had suffered several miscarriages before her fourth pregnancy and decided to take Ativan because she felt that not taking it would make her panic attacks worse.

Turner described the shame some women face when taking prescription medications during their pregnancy. Her research concluded that some doctors might outright refuse to prescribe Ativan to a woman who is pregnant even if she truly needs it.

In the end, Turner’s baby was fine. She wrote that not taking anti-anxiety medications could worsen mental health in some newly pregnant women.

Recreational Use in Pregnant Women

Recreational use of Ativan by pregnant women is different.

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) mentions a few ways recreational use and misuse of drugs are different for women than for men.

Using Ativan While Pregnant
  • Women may use drugs to self-medicate for certain mental health issues, lose weight, or feel alert.
  • Women’s hormones may cause drugs to affect them more than men.
  • Women are more at risk of overdosing or dying from drug misuse.
  • Divorce, domestic violence, the death of a spouse or partner, or loss of custody of a child may cause women to use drugs or struggle with the effects of latent mental health issues.
  • It may take smaller doses and less time for women to become addicted to certain substances.
  • Changes in the brain and blood vessels as a result of drug use are different for women than for men.
  • Women may experience changes in their menstruation patterns because of drug use.

Use of benzodiazepines is not recommended for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Even if used with a prescription, people who take Ativan regularly can experience withdrawal when stopping use. Babies can also experience withdrawal.

What if a Pregnant Woman Wants to Quit Using Ativan

Many women who use Ativan in any manner may decide to quit if they learn they are pregnant or if they decide they want to get pregnant. Use of benzodiazepines was once thought to increase the chance of birth defects in babies, such as cleft palates or heart problems.

The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology conducted several studies on the risk of congenital defects and found they were minimal. A 2017 report from NPR says scientists are still trying to find out how benzodiazepines may affect women and their fetuses in other ways.

Even though the risks to the fetus are minimal, women may want to quit using benzodiazepines for the following reasons:

  • There is uncertainty regarding use in the first trimester. Data is still needed about this at this time.
  • Babies are likely to feel withdrawal from Ativan if the mother took it consistently during their last trimester.

Anyone who wants to quit Ativan should not do it cold turkey or on their own. This is especially true for people who have been using Ativan for longer than a few weeks.

A doctor can help pregnant women taper off their dose and reduce the chance of withdrawal symptoms for both the mother and fetus.

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Withdrawal and Tapering From Ativan

Withdrawal from Ativan is common because it can cause dependency and tolerance if taken for a long time. This means a higher dose of Ativan is needed to feel its effects.

A doctor is best equipped to help anyone who wants to quit taking Ativan, and this includes people who take it for nonmedical reasons.

Doctors will generally recommend a tapering schedule, which means they will slowly reduce a person’s dosage of Ativan so they can be more comfortable and avoid some of the worst symptoms of withdrawal. Symptoms could include the following:

  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Burning or tingling on the skin
  • Visual or auditory hallucinations
  • Depression
  • Muscle cramps
  • Confusion
  • Changes in perception of reality
  • Shaking
  • Seizures
Using Ativan While Pregnant1

Every person is different, but Santa Monica College provides some general guidelines for how to taper benzodiazepines:

  • Reduce dose 25 percent every two weeks until a person is taking the smallest possible dose.
  • Reduce dose 25 percent during the first week and then again during the second week. Reduce the dose 10 percent per week until a person can safely stop taking their medication.

Doctors will supervise each person to make sure they do not suffer from withdrawal symptoms during tapering, including cravings. This will help people avoid relapse. Therapy is recommended during this process as well.

Specialized Treatment

Pregnant women require specialized care. Choose a physician or treatment program that has experience treating pregnant women if you need to taper off Ativan.

Since pregnancy presents a more complex treatment regime, catered treatment is needed.

If you or someone you know is suffering from drug addiction or abuse, Arete Recovery is here to provide the help and resources that someone may need while they follow the path to sobriety. Our addiction specialists are on-call 24/7, so call now at (855) 781-9939 to get connected to the help you need, or contact us online.